World No Tobacco Day: Smoking Increases the Levels of COVID 19 receptors in the body: Says Health Expert at Gleneagles Global Health City
The lungs of people who smoke may contain more of the receptors that the new coronavirus uses to invade cells; people who are affected by the virus and also smoke are more vulnerable to severe illness quoted Dr V. Sreenivasan, Consultant Pulmonologist, Gleneagles Global Health City, Chennai. Chronic smoking causes cancer in the lungs as well as chronic obstructive lung diseases. Carbon monoxide released during smoking deprives heart of a part of oxygen and asphyxiates it causing cardiovascular incidents, said Dr V Sreenivasan.
Different forms of tobacco are used such as cigarettes, beedis, heated tobacco products, liquid tobacco, and tobacco smoke. Tobacco smoke causes spasms in arteries, clots in the brain, and disorders of heart rhythm, mentioned Dr Sreenivasan. Nicotine is very addictive and linked to health hazards particularly in children, pregnant women, and adolescents. About 30% of the world’s population has access to appropriate tobacco cessation services. Chances of quitting tobacco can be doubled with the right support. According to WHO, ‘M POWER’ i.e. Monitor, Protect, Offer, Water, Enforce strategy is implemented for smoking cessation, added Dr V Sreenivasan
According to WHO, about 1.3 billion people smoke worldwide. Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death. World-wide tobacco use kills 7 million people a year including 9 lakh non-smokers who are exposed to secondhand smoke. Tobacco usage will cause more than 8 million deaths annually by 2030 and 18 million heart diseases. Of the 80% heart diseases that occurs due to tobacco, 80% are prevalent in low & middle-income countries, said Dr V Sreenivasan.